Tanoli History

The Tanoli are a tribe of the Tanawal valley region in the Hazara. The Tanolis are Arabic origin and descent from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib , The paternal Uncle of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H).The Most members of the Tanoli tribe reside in the former princely state of Amb in the Hazara Division of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, in the cities of Abbottabad, Khalabat Township, Haripur and its district, Mansehra, Battagram and Kohistan districts. A branch of the Tanoli tribe also resides in Kashmir, mainly in Muzaffarabad and Srinagar. Tanolis also inhabit the cities of Quetta and Karachi. They dominate the Tanawal-Sherwan belt.

In Afghanistan, the Tanoli primarily live in the eastern provinces of Paktia, Gardez, and Ghazni..The word Tanawal is derived from Dara Tanol Of Afghanistan., The Tanoli participated in the frontier wars with the British and in Charles Allen's analysis of those wars were described as "extremely hostile" and "brave and hardy and accounted for the best swordsmen in Hazara."


* 1 Names
* 2 Homelands
* 3 History
* 4 List of the hereditary Tanoli rulers of Amb State
* 5 Characteristics and Features of Tribal Tanolies (Based on the classification of tribes of the Indo-Pak by the British)
* 6Tanoli Sub Tribes
* 7 Tanolis Today
* 8 Notable Tanolis
* 9 Notes
* 10References and bibliography

The Tanoli are also known as Tanawal, for the name of the river. The British Census included several variant forms of the name: Taniwal Tanole Tanaoli, Tanol, Tol, Tholi, Tahoa,( Tarnoli,Tanis,Tanai are not used for tanoli tribe)

The Tanoli were first encountered by Westerners around 1700 AD "in the trans Indus basin of the Mahaban from which they were driven across the Indus by the Yusufzai" tribe. By the late 19th century the Tanaoli had settled the Tanawal tract in the west center of the district between Abbottabad and the Indus, and in the extensive hill country between the river and the Urash plains.

According to the Settlement Report of Hazara, compiled by Major Wace (1872), the Tanolis, who founded a state named Amb, had already established their authority over Tanawal. The voluminous Urdu copy of the settlement report of Hazara contains many passages in its historical resume of the area. In a number of maps drawn at the time and enclosed in the report, showing Hazara under the Mughals and under the Durranis, the Amb state has been shown as Mulk-i-Tanawal. The original existence of that Mulk is as old as the middle period of the great Afghan invasions of India.

The Tanoli are divided into two major sub-tribes: the Hindwal and the Pallal. The latter occupies the northern portion of the Tanawal tract, and, until the dissolution of the princely states in 1968, constituted the semi-independent principality of Amb.Amb was originally known as Tanawal and was the tribal homeland of the Tanoli people. The Nawabs of the Tanolis were best known for fighting against the Sikhs under Ranjit Singh. Prior to this, Tanawal was also a part of Pakhal Sarkar, which was ruled by Turks for centuries. The last Turk ruler of Hazara (Pakhal Sarkar) was Sultan Mehmud Khurd and his brother Sultan Qias-ud-Din Khan was the last Turk Wa'ali (Governor) of Tanawal. When the Tanolis overthrew the Turks, they also gained strength and established their rule in upper Tanawal and a portion of lower Tanawal as well. Thus was the beginning of Amb State around the end of 18th century. Descendants of Sultan Qias-ud-Din, however, managed to retain certain lands in lower Tanawel and assumed the title of Raja after establishing a Jagir. They still live in village Behali in Mansehra District. The Nawabs later established Amb as a princely state, ranking as a non-salute state under the British Raj (area: 699 km 2). In 1947 the Nawab of Amb, Mohammad Farid Khan, acceded to Pakistan. In 1969, the state was incorporated into the North-West Frontier Province and in 1971 the royal status of the Nawab was abolished by the Government of Pakistan. The construction of the Tarbela Dam across the Indus River in the early 1970s resulted in much of Amb state being submerged by the reservoir. Area: 585 km². Capital: Darband and Shergarh as summer residence.

According to Tanoli tradition (preserved in a commentary based on an 1881/1891 census report they are named after a place in "Afghanistan" (not to be confused with the present-day state of Afghanistan

They have a history that The Tanoli consider themselves to descend from one Amir Khan,who (so says their tradition) arrived in the Tanawal valley with his sons around 1500, having crossed the Indus river to get there.

The ancestors of the Tanoli eventually settled in Mahaban. Some time later, in search of land, they crossed the Indus river under the command of Maulvi Mohammad Ibrahim, and captured territory from the Turkic peoples settled there. Among the new settlers was Amir Khan Beerdewa and his six sons (Pall Khan, Hind Khan, Thakar Khan, Arjin Khan and Kul Khan) who settled the Tanawal region; the six clans or sub-tribes are allegedly named after the six sons of Beerdewa. Tanoli's have ruled the state of Amb of Hazara since the 13th century up until the wars with the Sikhs in the 19th century. They were frequently engaged in rebellions with successive rulers of the Delhi Sultanate as well as allying with Ahmed Shah Abdali in his conquest of India. They were also the last ruling dynasty of the State of Amb. Charles Allen in his book referred to them as "the extremely hostile and powerful Tanolis of the Tanawal Moutains". They were also the last ruling dynasty of the State of Amb. "Many Mouths, Many sayings" Many people tried to link the tanoli with their own tribe or another one else. but it's clear and accepted from the history.That they are Abbasi. Tanoli are not Jungua. Tanoli are not Barlas Mughals. Barlas mughals are those who connect them selves with (IERO MA JEET BARLAS )(Turk and Barlas Mughals are from same branch there grand father is same if we are mughal or turk ...why turk arrange the army of soldiers against tanoli's to stop them to enter in pakhal because they rule pakhal at that time if we are there Brothers they welcome us with open arms but they fight with us many time but they failed to stop us to enter us in this area. Tanoli are not Rajas. Tanoli did't come with Greek Alaxander. Tanoli's are not Pukhtoon : check the list of Pahtoon tribes (http://www.khyber.org/pashtotribes.shtml you can not finde tanoli's in the history books of pushtoons as a sub tribe of pushtoons or as a pushtoon(Tarikh-e-afghana) by (sami jan) and i have also mentioned the link of the map which has taken from the book of SIR OLAF CARO book The Pathans He did not mention tanoli area(land) and tanoli's in the list of pushtoon tribes .(http://www.khyber.org/images/maps/triballocations.jpg) . Tanoli Cheif Ameer Khan martyred in battle aginst Yousfzai tribe. Yousfzai occupied the area of swat and buner and compled the tanoli tribe to the estern bank of indus river. The genesis of tanoli leads to the Al-Abbas ibn Abd-al-Muttalib, the Paternal uncle of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H). from this Reference they are Abbasi.

List of the hereditary Tanoli rulers of Amb State
Tenure Rulers of Amb (Tanawal)
unknown date - 1803 (Mir) Haibat Khan
1803 - unknown date (Mir) Hashim Ali Khan
unknown date - 1818 (Mir) Nawab Khan
1818 - 1840 (Mir) Painda Khan
1840 - 1868 (Nawab) Jahandad Khan
1868 - 1907 (Nawab) Mohammad Akram Khan
1907 - 26 February 1936 (Nawab) Khanizaman Khan
26 February 1936 - 1971 (Nawab) Mohammad Farid Khan

Characteristics and Features of Tribal Tanolies (Based on the classification of tribes of the Indo-Pak by the British)

The Tanolies were counted amongst the Martial races, an ideology based on the assumption that certain ethnic groups are inherently more martially inclined than others( It was a term originally used by the British, who observed that the Scottish Highlanders were more fierce in battle than others in Britain, and extended this concept to India).

They have many Pathan customs and take much pride in their dress and appearance.

The Tanolis support themselves almost exclusively by agriculture, and their principal food is unleavened bread with buttermilk and butter; but fowls, eggs, fish, and game are also articles of diet.

Of those who live in the hills, many are as fair as Italians, with eyes of light hazel or greyish blue, and frequently brown hair and reddish beards. Those who live on the low-lying lands near the Indus are darker. All are stout and active men, and have the reputation of being good soldiers and staunch partisans.

They are hardy and simple in their habits, generally free from the vices of thieving and debauchery; but credulous, obstinate, and unforgiving.

Religiously; they are Mohammedans of the Sunni sect.